They are also prone to many health hazards. The sericulture is an important cottage industry, but is now the basis of large industries in China, Japan, India and some European countries, where the silkworm, Bombyx mori is reared on mulberry leaves on a mass scale to get raw silk from the cocoons of the caterpillars of the moth. Besides using the leaves, mulberry bears sweet fruit. One thread of silk contains approximately 50 silk filaments. Silk is the most elegant textile in the world with unparalleled grandeur, natural sheen, and inherent affinity for dyes, high absorbance, light weight, soft touch and high durability and known as the “Queen of Textiles” the world over. 4. By products o silkworm rearing and their utilization. When the cocoons are placed in boiling water for approximately 15 minutes, the adhesion of the silk threads reduces, enabling the separation of individual filaments. The wood pulp of the stem is a good raw material for the manufacture of quality paper. There is a series of products that are produced in intensive Sericulture: Raw Silk Organic Fertilizers – Compost Biomass Animal Feeds Silk Proteins – Sericin While the major producers are in Asia (90% of mulberry production and almost 100% of non-mulberry silk), sericulture industries have been lately established in Brazil, Bulgaria, Egypt and Madagascar as well. The silkworms are being cultivated in this process. To learn more about sericulture and other related concepts, such as the life cycle of the silkworm, register with BYJU’S and download the mobile application on your smartphone. Sericulture involves a large scale of interdependent technologies from which results different by-products and wastes, such as perforated silk cocoons, B. mori chrysalides, bedding left-over (larval dejections and mulberry plant waste), superseded cocoons, surplus mulberry leaf, springs, root and wood biomass, mulberry fruits, and so on. Silk was believed to have first been produced in China as early as the Neolithic Period. 1.2 Multipurpose use of sericulture Apart from silk, there are several other bye-products from sericulture. Cocoon production occurs mostly in parts of central Japan. The faeces is also a good organic manure and can be added to the cattle dung to produce gobar gas. Silk cannot be reeled from these damaged cocoons. What is Sericulture? Sericulture is the process of cultivating silkworms and extracting silk from them. EDP in Sericulture: Introduction, EDP in Mulberry Nursery, CRC’S, Grainage and Sil reeling and few success stories in sericulture. Since then, it has been producing products, such as silkworm powder for reducing blood glucose levels, silkworm dongchunghacho (cordyceps), which is effective to cure cancer and strengthen the immune system, silk cosmetics, silk soap, silk toothpaste and ice cream of mulberry leaf that encourage the growth of silkworm farmers in some Asian countries particularly in Korea. Sericulture combines agriculture and also the industry. In simpler terms, the sericulture sector could now be transformed into a multi-functional industry via thoughtful value addition to secondary products and appropriate waste management.  In India, this culture is practiced … The hatched larvae are transferred into this tray via a process known as brushing. Its leaves are used to feed the silkworms which in turn produce silk fiber. Other types of silkworms (such as Eri, Muga, and Tasar) are also cultivated for the production of ‘wild silks’. Top colleges/ universities in India for Sericulture. During the process of sericulture, by-products and wastes are produced in addition to the silk fiber.  Ericulture is a household activity practiced mainly for protein rich pupae, a delicacy for the tribal. The silk output of these two countries combined accounts for over 60% of the global production. Project Report on Sericulture Project Report on Sericulture includes Present Market Position and Expected Future Demand, Technology, Manufacturing Process, Investment Opportunity, Plant Economics and Project Financials. The main product in silk industry is the production of thread obtained from the cocoons. This process is called stifling. Although honey is an important ingredient in many food dishes, beeswax holds a lot of commercial significance too. Application: Mounting & production of cocoon. What are the Challenges Faced in Sericulture? Sericulture is mostly practiced in China, India and Japan. (c) Leaves in the form of decoction are used to gorgle in the treat­ment of inflammation of the vocal cards. Privacy Policy Since then, it has been producing products like; mulberry fruit juice to get rid of impurities from the body and to cure heart problems, dried fruit powder -mutagen which can inhibit the mutation of healthy normal cells into cancerous cells, Silkworm’s eggs processed into proteic extract having hepatoproteanic action, silkworm pupal oil having anti-inflammator and anti-tumefying like effects and so on. In addition the silk industry can produce a number of byproducts. This core is surrounded by a layer of sericin (which makes up the remaining 20% of silk). The production of silk generally involves two processes: The silkworm caterpillar builds its cocoon by producing and surrounding itself with a long, ... Those who set up business as exporters of silk products can have good gains. It is known that this feed increases the milk yield. Moriculture – the cultivation of mulberry leaves. Some important challenges faced in sericulture are listed below. In order to maintain humidity, foam strips are soaked in water and placed on the tray. (ii) The stem in the trees is white in colour, soft and pliable. Schemes for financial assistance. Bees are mainly reared for their honey. So, starting a farm of Sericulture is highly beneficial as there are very good profits in this industry. The boiling of silkworm cocoons in the sericulture process has come under severe criticism from several individuals and organizations. Sericulture is the process of cultivating silkworms and extracting silk from them. This saliva solidifies and becomes silk when it comes in contact with air. For the production of mulberry silk, the sericulture process follows three primary steps. Branch cutting – removal of the entire branch. Since silk is associated with a high cost, even the by-products and wastes have been exploited commercially to generate extra income and thus to increase profit. Sericulture is a very important domestic industry in many countries. TOS Disclaimer These filaments are twisted into a thread with the help of a series of guides and pulleys.  Also known as Endi or Errandi. (iv) Various parts of the plant body have a high medicianl value and are used in the Ayurvedic system of medicine. It can be used in the production of vitamins (K and E), in the manufacture of acid resistant plastic sheets etc. It involves rearing of silkworms for the production of raw silk, which is the yarn obtained out of cocoons spun by certain species of insects. Sericulture, the practice of breeding silkworms for the production of raw silk, has been underway for at least 5,000 years in China, from where it spread to Korea and Japan, and later to India and the West. Other viral infections such as cytoplasmic polyhedrosis can cause the larvae to lose their appetites. Sericulture and Silk Production The ancient technique of rearing silkworms for production of silk yarn (and weaving it into expensive cloth) is widely practiced today. Copyright. Sericulture is a non traditional activity in Kerala promoted by the Central and State governments. Some mites produce a toxic substance that kills silkworms. The larvae of dermestid beetle can bore into the silkworm cocoons and eat the pupae. Also, the effectiveness of such a holistic utilization of bi-products demand, exhaustively utility knowledge, and allied optimizations. 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