They managed to hold their own against the Persian forces for three days, despite being extremely outnumbered, before they were overtaken; Leonidas ended up releasing the majority of his army to defend other parts of Greece, leaving only 300 Spartans, 700 Thespians, and 400 Thebans to stay at the pass of Thermopylae. While the Spartan-led Greeks lost at Thermopylae, their decision to stand together against enormous odds strengthened an otherwise shaky coalition. Thank you. Actually the Thespians were from Thespiae. Thermopylae translated to English means 'hot gates' which is related to the nearby hot sulphur springs. Demophilus (Greek: Δημόφιλος Demophilos), according to Herodotus, was the commander of a contingent of 700 Thespians at the Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC). Leonidas and his followers all died. I have not studied it at all. The Thespians, though, do have monument at the battlefield. They distinguished themselves by remaining to fight and die with honor and courage along with the remaining Spartan heroes so that the rest of the Greek warriors could withdraw safely. It was held at the narrow coastal pass of Thermopylae ("The Hot Gates") in August or September 480 BC. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The military precision and supremacy of the Spartan phalanx, combined with the tenacity of each Spartan warrior which had been instilled since their youth, made Sparta the preeminent warrior state in ancient Greece. Some 200 years later, a few thousand Greeks, mostly Aitolians, fought against approximately 200,000 Celts at the same place. Leonidas at Thermopylae' (1814). Leonidas, his 300 Spartan soldiers, and 6,000-7,000 Greek soldiers guarded the coastal pass of Thermopylae. I suppose Frank Miller wanted a smoother climax with just Leonidas and his Spartans fighting to the last man, as opposed to Leonidas, his Spartans, the willful Thespians, and the unwilling Thebans. Demophilus (Greek: Δημόφιλος Demophilos), according to Herodotus, was the commander of a contingent of 700 Thespians at the Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC). How hard to think that so few men could devastate so many. Yet few remember them. Leonidas gave the order and they had to obey or suffer humiliation. Ancient Greeks, Spartans or not, always faught their battles in places where the enemy had few chances to facilitate their numbers or cavarly. Off to the side of the larger statue of Leonidas at Thermopylae, there is a monument to the 700 Thespians who died alongside the Spartans. It wsa as if they were saying “You Are Spartans Now.”. These 5,000 Greek soldiers have been brutally trained since the age of seven for this. Leonidas did not have to “force” the Spartans to stay and fight. Aristotle, thank you! Thespian Monument at Thermopylae. This band of warriors were led by Demophilus, the son of Diadromes. Monument at Thermopylae commemorating the 700 Thespians - Image courtesy of Vasilis Linidis, Boeotian hoplites as illustrated by Angus McBride from Nicholas Sekunda's 'The Ancient Greeks', The final day at Thermopylae as illustrated by Peter Connolly from 'Greece & Rome at War', The final battle of the 700 Thespians - Image courtesy of Vasilis Linidis. The greek army at Thermopylae was composed not only by spartans: there was thespians, corinthians, arcandians, thebans and many others groups of soldiers. The Thespians held Eros above all other gods, likely because he had no parents. The city of Thespiae which was located in Boeotia, dispatched  a contingent of 700 warriors which comprised a significant portion of their army. Apostolos, you bring up a great point. They were brave, not stupid. Thermopylae, Greece. Thermopylae (480 BC) was the first land battle of the second Persian War. Great post about a rarely mentioned detail of the battle of Thermopylae. For the Thespians, Thermopylae was devastating to their city-state Thespiae where 700 hoplites represented at least one-third of the fighting-age male population.1. In addition to the Spartiates, several other Greek city-states sent troops to Thermopylae to defend against Xerxes' army. If, by the third day, there were no casualties among the Spartans, Thebans, and Thespians, then Leonidas’s last stand was with an army just shy of 1,400, not 300. They were ordered by King Leonidas to withdraw along with the remaining Greek warriors before their position at Thermopylae was surrounded. While the Thespian contribution to Thermopylae has not been totally overlooked, it has been minimized because of the overwhelming Spartan superiority as described above. The gantlet at Thermopylae had punished the Persians. The honours that the people give always Pass to those use-besotted gentlemen Whose numskull courage is a kind of fear, A fear of thought and of the oafish mothers (‘Or with you shield or on it’) in their rear. The paradox in the monument of Leonidas in Thermopylae . I’m not an expert, but it’s my understanding that only the relatively well off could afford hoplite gear. Even more, 700 Thespians were all the fighting force of their hometown (later destroyed by the Persians), they were mostly peasants and artisants, they would not be disgraced by retreating, and they had not a prophesy to weigh on them. The Thespians held Eros above all other gods, likely because he had no parents. Heute ist der Durchgang durch Versandung mehrere Kilometer breit. And the delay of battle also achieved what Leonides had hoped it would. 8.50). Leonidas dismissed his roughly 5,000 Greek allies to retreat except for the 400 Thebans who he believed were sympathetic to the Persians (they were). Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. Leonidas died well before the last Greek at Thermopylae and those still alive fought the Persians over his body, recouping it on several attacks. It was fought over the course of three days, during the second Persian invasion of Greece. Demophilus and his men fought at the battle and at the end they stood along with the 300 Spartans at the last stand, all were killed. His father was Diadromes (Διαδρόμης). When Leonidas arrived at Thermopylae, he had a Greek army totaling over 7,000 (according to modern historians), including Arcadians, Mycenaeans, Corinthians, Phocians, Thebans, and others. The Thespians also worshipped the Muses, and celebrated a festival in their honor in the sacred grove on Mount Helicon. The battle took place simultaneously with the naval battle at Artemisium. Thespians' monument. Who knows of that battle? It’s mind-boggling and I hope to explore it more in the future. Spartans cannot retreat. Pass to those use-besotted gentlemen. Much to their surprise, they faced approximately 6,000 ho… But the stories of the defenders' courage at Thermopylae began to quickly spread, positively impacting the morale of other Greeks. Jacques Louis David (1748-1825) French painter. Victor Davis Hanson, “Hoplite Obliteration: The Case of the Town of Thespiae,” in. Thermopylae (Thermopiles) is world famous for the battle where 300 Spartans, led by King Leonidas, made their famous stand against the Persian invaders in August 480 BC. Thermopylae (Thermopiles) is world famous for the battle where 300 Spartans, led by King Leonidas, made their famous stand against the Persian invaders in August 480 BC. 2 min read . Read More. 2014. The Games were dedicated to Zeus and war was forbidden when they were held. Although there were 300 Spartans present at the defense of Thermopylae, there were at least 4,000 allies involved on the first two days and 1,500 men involved in the fatal last stand.Still a tiny figure compared to the forces against them—there is evidence that the vast Persian army has been vastly exaggerated—but more than the legend, which forgets some contributors. Campaign map for the Battles of Thermopylae & Artemisium (Artemisson) (480 BC), based on the description of Herodotus. A nearby stone slab explains the missing head represents the anonymous sacrifice of the Thespians, the chest is bravery, the open wing is the spirit of freedom, and the broken wing is voluntary sacrifice. Thermopylae (Greek Θερμοπύλαι; "Hot Gates"): small pass in Greece, site of several battles, of which the Spartan defeat against the Persian invaders in 480 is the most famous. Today, the famous Kolonos Hill sports the modern recreation of the Go Tell the Spartans epitaph. The Romans knew him as Cupid. Foto of The 700 Thespians phalanx at the Thermopylae battle for Fans of Ancient Greece. ('Or with your shield or on it') in their rear. Did you mean to say thaey represented all the Thespians sent to Thermopylae? The Thespians are wholly absent from the 300 movie. Off to the side of the larger statue of Leonidas at Thermopylae, there is a monument to the 700 Thespians who died alongside the Spartans. The Persians knew about these ceremonies and had chosen (once again) to campaign against Greece during the summer. Leonidas was a 5th century B.C. So the Spartans also stayed of their own free will. Memorial monument to King of Sparta Leonidas, the 300 Spartan and the 700 Thespians who fought at the Battle of Thermopylae - 2A5T44M from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. Nearly 600 years after the battle, the Greek geographer Pausanias (c. 175 AD) described how the Thespians worshiped Eros first above all other gods and they still had images of him throughout the city (9.27.1-4). So the 700 may have been only some portion of the males of fighting age in Thespiae. Demophilus or Demophilos (Greek: Δημόφιλος), according to Herodotus, was the commander of a contingent of 700 Thespians at the Battle of Thermopylae (480 BC). He is most well known for bravely leading a small force of Greeks, including the famous 300 Spartans, along with a few hundred Thespians and Thebans against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of ​ Thermopylae in 480 B.C. This website is dedicated to King Leonidas, the 300 Spartans, 700 Thespians and other Greek warriors who fought to the death during the Battle of Thermopylae (Hot Gates) in August, 480 B.C. Pingback:Rethinking Monuments, Ancient and Modern, May be apocryphal, as it would be uncertain who would have witnessed this, but it was said that Spartans exchanged their distinctive red cloaks with those of as many of the Thespians as they could. With such recognized bravery and sacrifice, Herodotus makes no mention of a monument for the Thespians at Thermopylae. The Thespians at Thermopylae, by Norman Cameron, 1905-1953. an || 'θespɪən n. dramatic actor (after Thespis, father of Greek tragedy) adj. military king of the Greek city-state of Sparta. Xerxes had learned how high the price of victory would be, if he could pay it at all. The honours that the people give always. His father was the Diadromes (Greek: Διαδρομέας). The Greeks died at the battle of Thermopylae. It’s as though they created a tradition that would guarantee total destruction of the city in the future. Thespiae was a Greek city and a member of the Boeotian League along with Thebes and Plataea. Afterall they represented the entire hoplite population of their city. The Battle of Thermopylae is a great example of self-denial and selflessness, and so it stayed in history. Yes, three-hundred Spartans do get all the credit for heroically standing against the Persian army, and people think that was all the Greek forces who didn't withdraw. Thermopylae translated to English means 'hot gates' which is related to the nearby hot sulphur springs. The Thespians came from the ancient Greek city of Thespiae, in Boeotia. It was on the third and final day of the Battle of Thermopylae that the remnants of the Thespian contingent, while not the equivalent of the Spartans in training, armor, weaponry and tactics, fought and died alongside the remaining Spartiates to the bitter end. Memorial monument to King of Sparta Leonidas, the 300 Spartan and the 700 Thespians who fought at the Battle of Thermopylae - Buy this … He is most well known for bravely leading a small force of Greeks, including the famous 300 Spartans, along with a few hundred Thespians and Thebans against the much larger Persian army of Xerxes, at the pass of Thermopylae in 480 B.C. Were all 700 Thespians still alive by the third day? It stood on level ground commanded by the low range of hills which runs eastward from the foot of Mount Helicon to Thebes. The Thespians, in my opinion, might have stayed back along with the Spartans as part of a greater plan which failed dramatically. The Persian army did indeed arrive at Thermopylae and, after their offer of free passage to the Greek defenders was refused, they attacked on the fifth day. Thermopylae is the prototype of many a last stand, from Roncesvalles to the Alamo to Isandlhwana to Bastogne. Therefore, Xerxes prepared himself well and built a very large army. In ancient times, Thermopylae was called Malis, … In addition, roughly 700 Thespians volunteered to stay and fight alongside the Spartans during their last stand. However, 700 Thespians stood along side the Spartans and also met their deaths in that hopeless situation at Thermopylae in 480 B.C. Unfortunately, we have no idea how many of these Greek soldiers were left, as the numbers are based on what Herodotus counted as the total participants during the entire Battle of Thermopylae. In the process, these valiant Greek warriors inflicted heavy casualties upon the Persian forces before succumbing to attrition. Well, not quite. His commanders had warned him that great risks were involved: in 490, at Marathon, about 10,000 Athenians had defeated 25,000 Persians. The Truth . King Leonidas and the 300 Spartans have become synonymous with bravery and self-sacrifice, consequently, so should Demophilus and the 700 Thespians. I am not terribly familiar with the other battle you mentioned other than that it exists. Ancient Greek History The Top 10 ancient Greek philosophers. Like in Marathon 10 years earlier when the Spartans had their religious festival of Karnea dedicated to Apollo, at the end of summer in 480 BC people from all over the Hellenic lands (including those in Africa and Sicily) participated to the Olympic Games. 23/ago/2014 - Monument to the 700 Thespians who died at Thermopylae. Medievalism, Classical Reception, Battlefields, and Cigars. Probably not. Since 1997, a monument for the Thespians stands next that of Leonidas at Thermopylae. The 300 graphic novel does depict them briefly defending the goat path, but this was not where the Thespians fell, at least not according to any of the ancient accounts. In Greek mythology, this area was known for its cavernous entrance to Hades. But there were also 700 Thespians, led by General Demophilos. Battle of Thermopylae : Story, Photos - Thespiae Thespiae (Greek Θεσπιαι, Thespiai) was an ancient Greek city in Boeotia. For this action, the city of Thespiae received the same fate as the city of Athens by being burned to the ground by the invading Persian army. We do know that at least two Spartans had left the battlefield for different reasons (7.229-232). Which translates roughly to “In Memory of the 700 Thespians.”. That atttitude was ingrained in their upbringing and character. The Thespians credit more praise for their sacrifice. Herodotus tells us that after two days of fighting, Leonidas learned that the Persians were aware of a goat path that led to his army’s rear (7.222). 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